My publication career began during my PhD (2009).


 Evolutionary Origins of Life and Death (2020) University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226747767

Seminars, plenary and conference talks, etc. are not listed here.

An example is a conference presentation on programmed cell death

at the “Talking Evolution” Max Planck Institute in 2018, available here. To see

the BerkeleySETI YouTube recording of the "Origin of life" 2020 collaborative 

conference, please see (individual talks are listed).

Day 1:
Day 2: and

Reviewed Publication

Ndhlovu A,, Durand, PM and Ramsey G. Programmed cell death as a black queen in microbial communities. Accepted. Molecular Ecology.

​​Durand, P. M., Barreto Filho, M. M., & Michod, R. E. (2019). Cell Death in Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. 92(4): 651–662. 

Sathe, S., Orellana, M. V., Baliga, N. S., & Durand, P. M. (2019). Temporal and metabolic overlap between lipid accumulation and programmed cell death due to nitrogen starvation in the unicellular chlorophyte Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Phycological Research.

Durand, P. M., & Ramsey, G. (2018). The Nature of Programmed Cell Death. Biological Theory, 1-12.

Desnitskiy, A.G., Sym, S.D., and Durand, P.M. (2018). On the contribution of Mary Agard Pocock to developmental biology research of the genus Volvox L. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 1-6.

Featherston, J, Arakaki, Y, Hanschen, E. R, Ferris, P. J, Michod. R. E, Olson, B. J. S. C, Nozaki, H, and Durand, P. (2018). The 4-celled Tetrabaena socialis nuclear genome reveals the essential components for genetivc control of cell number at the origin of multicellularity in the volvocine lineage. Molecular Biology and Evolution.

Arakaki, Y, Fujiwara, T, Kawai-Toyooka, H, Kawafune, K, Featherston, J, Durand, P.M, Miyagishima, S.Y and Nozaki, H. (2017). Evolution of cytokinesis-related protein localization during the emergence of multicellularity in volvocine green algae. BMC evolutionary biology, 17(1), p.243.

Dhar, N, Weinberg, M, Michod, RE, and Durand, PM. (2017). Molecular trade-offs in RNA ligases affected the modular emergence of complex ribozymes at the origin of life. Royal Soc OS, 4: 170376.

Ndhlovu, A, Dhar, N, Garg, N, Xuma, T, Sym, S, Pitcher, GC, and Durand, PM. (2017). A red tide forming dinoflagellate Prorocentrum triestinum: identification, phylogeny, and impacts on St Helena Bay, South Africa. Phycologia, 56, 649-665. https://doi.o atrg/10.2216/16-114.1


Durand, PM, Sym, S, and Michod, RE. (2016). Programmed cell death and complexity in microbial systems. Current Biology.

Featherston, J, Arakaki, Y, Nozaki, H, Durand, PM & Smith, DR. (2016). Inflated organelle genomes and a circular-mapping mtDNA probably existed at the origin of coloniality in volvocine green algae. European Journal of Phycology, 1–9.

Hanschen, ER, Marriage, TN, Ferris, PJ, Hamaji, T, Toyoda, A, Fujiyama, A, et al. (2016). The Gonium pectorale genome demonstrates the co-option of cell cycle regulation during the evolution of multicellularity. Nature Communications, 7:11370.

Sathe, S and Durand, PM. (2015). Cellular aggregation in Chlamydomonas (Chlorophyceae) is chimaeric and depends on traits like cell size and motility. European Jour Phycol, 1–10.

Ndhlovu, A, Hazelhurst, S, and Durand, PM. (2015). Robust sequence alignment using evolutionary rates coupled with an amino acid substitution matrix. BMC Bioinformatics, 16, 255.

Sathe, S and Durand, PM. (2015). A low cost, non-toxic biological method for harvesting algal biomass. Algal Res, 11, 169–172.

Ndhlovu, A, Durand, PM, and Hazelhurst, S. (2015). EvoDB: a database of evolutionary rate profiles, associated protein domains, and phylogenetic trees for PFAM-A. Databases, 2015, bav065.

Del Vasto, M, Figueroa-Martinez, F, Featherston, J, Gonzalez, M.A, Reyes-Prieto, A, Durand, PM, and Smith, DR. (2015). Massive and widespread organelle genomic expansion in the green algal genus Dunaliella. Genome Biol Evol, 7, 656–663.

Durand, PM, Choudhury, R, Rashidi, A, and Michod, RE. (2014). Programmed death in a unicellular organism has species-specific fitness effects. Biol Lett, 10, 20131088.

Pepper, JW, Shelton, DE, Rashidi, A and Durand, PM. (2013). Are internal, death-promoting mechanisms ever adaptive? J Phylogenet Evol Biol, 1, 113.

Orellana, MV, Pang, WL, Durand, PM, Whitehead, K and Baliga, NS. (2013). A Role for Programmed Cell Death in the Microbial Loop. PLoS ONE, 8, 62595.

Smith, DR, Hamaji T, Olson, BJ, Durand, PM, Ferris, P, Michod, RE, Featherston, J, Nozaki, H and Keeling, PJ. (2013). Organelle genome complexity scales positively with organism size in volvocine green algae. Mol Biol Evol, mst002.

Kay, P, Choudhury, R, Nel, M, Orellana, MV, and Durand, PM. (2013). Multicolour flow cytometry analyses and autofluorescence in chlorophytes: lessons from programmed cell death studies in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. J Appl Phycol, 25, 1473–1482.

Featherston, J, and Durand, PM (2012). Cooperation and conflict in cancer: An evolutionary perspective. South Afr J Sci, 108, 1–5.

Engelbrecht, D, Durand, PM and Coetzer, TL. (2012). On programmed cell death in Plasmodium falciparum: status quo. J Trop Med, 2012.

Durand, PM, and Michod, RE. (2011). What is life and why, how and when did it begin? J Cosmol, 64, 1533–40. 

Durand, PM, and Coetzer, TL. (2011). Evolutionary biology and drug development. In: Drug Discovery (Ed. Kapetanovic, IM). INTECH ISBN 978-953-307-615-7.

Durand, PM, Rashidi, A, and Michod, RE. (2011). How an organism dies affects the fitness of its neighbors. Am Nat, 177, 224–232.

Nedelcu, AM, Driscoll, WW, Durand, PM, Herron, MD and Rashidi, A. (2011). On the paradigm of altruistic suicide in the unicellular world. Evolution, 65, 3–20.

Durand, PM, and Michod, RE. (2010). Genomics in the light of evolutionary transitions. Evolution, 64, 1533–1540.

Durand, PM, Hazelhurst, S, and Coetzer, T. (2010). Evolutionary rates at codon sites may be used to align sequences and infer protein domain function. BMC Bioinformatics, 11, 151.

Durand, PM, Naidoo, K, and Coetzer, TL. (2008). Evolutionary patterning: a novel approach to the identification of potential drug target sites in Plasmodium falciparum. PLoS One, 3, e3685.

Durand, PM, and Coetzer, TL. (2008). Hereditary red cell disorders and malaria resistance. Haematologica, 93, 961–963.

Durand, PM, and Coetzer, TL. (2008). Pyruvate kinase deficiency protects against malaria in humans. Haematologica, 93, 939–940.

Durand, PM, and Coetzer, TL. (2008). Utility of computational methods to identify the apoptosis machinery in unicellular eukaryotes. Bioinform Biol Insights, 2, 101. 

Durand, PM, and Coetzer, TL. (2008). Pyruvate kinase deficiency in a South African kindred caused by a 1529A mutation in the PK-LR gene. South Afr Med J, 98, 456–457.


Durand, PM, Oelofse, AJ, and Coetzer, TL. (2006). An analysis of mobile genetic elements in three Plasmodium species and their potential impact on the nucleotide composition of the P. falciparum genome. BMC Genomics, 7, 282.